IRA contributions cannot exceed the earnings of a minor, for example, there is no minimum for opening an account. Children of any age can contribute to a Roth IRA, as long as they have earned income. If you're ready to create a Roth IRA for a child, the first step is to contact a brokerage agency that offers Roth IRAs for minors. Your child, regardless of age, can contribute to an IRA as long as they have earned income, defined by the IRS as all taxable income and wages from working as an employee or from running or owning a business.
By law, banks, brokers and investment companies require custodial or guardianship accounts if your child is under 18 in most states; under 19 and 21 in others). Even a small IRA can provide an introduction to investing and a platform to teach your child about money and the relationship between earning, saving and spending. Saving in a Roth IRA with custody with your child is the best way to ensure that your child will enjoy financial security and develop a true appreciation for the value of your money, today and in the future. Here's why you should think beyond regular savings accounts and savings bonds and consider opening a Roth IRA for your child.
Roth tax treatment is especially valuable when their time horizon is long and their current tax rate is low, and both apply to children. The main difference between traditional and Roth IRAs is when you pay taxes on the money you contribute to the plan. The IRA is opened in your child's name and you'll need to provide your Social Security number when you open the account. A Roth IRA (individual retirement account) can make your child financially secure and teach them valuable lessons about the money they can use on their trip.
Because of their tender years and the decades ahead, children are prepared to make the most of the time and power of capitalization within this type of tax-advantaged savings vehicle. While you might see brokers touting a Roth IRA for children (like Fidelity Investments does), there's nothing special about the way a child's IRA works, at least when it comes to the IRS. All funds, both their contributions and the earnings they have accumulated, are considered pre-tax in a traditional IRA. Next, we'll look at two types of IRAs for children, the benefits offered by these tax-advantaged investment instruments, and how to open and make contributions to an IRA for children.
You can set aside money in a custodial Roth IRA and manage your child's account until you're eligible to do so. If your child earns less than this amount, they are likely to fall into a 0% income tax bracket and probably won't benefit from the initial tax deduction associated with traditional IRAs.